Students in Stage 2 will ask questions and use appropriate mental and/ or written strategies, and technology, to solve problems. They will use appropriate terminology to describe and link mathematical ideas, check statements for accuracy and explain reasoning.

Students will count, order, read and record numbers up to 9999 and use mental and written strategies, including the formal written algorithm, to solve addition and subtraction problems involving numbers of up to four digits. They will be using mental strategies to recall multiplication facts up to 10 x 10 and related division facts and use informal written strategies for multiplication and division of two-digit numbers by one-digit numbers.

Students will generate, describe and record number patterns and relate multiplication and division facts to at least 10 x 10. Students estimate, measure, compare and record length, area, volume, capacity and mass using some formal units. They will read and record time in hours and minutes in digital and analogue notation. Students will name, describe and sketch particular 3D objects and 2D shapes.