In year 1 students are encouraged ask questions and use objects, diagrams and technology to explore mathematical problems. They link mathematical ideas and use everyday language, some limited mathematical language and diagrams to explain how answers were obtained.

They can count, order, read and write numbers up to 999 and use a range of mental strategies, informal recording methods and materials to add, subtract, multiply and divide.

Students learn model and describe objects and collections as well as divide into halves and quarters.

They sort, order and count money and recognise and describe the element of chance in familiar activities. Students describe, create and continue a variety of number patterns and relate addition and subtraction facts to at least 20.

Students estimate, measure, compare and record using informal units for length, area, volume, capacity and mass. They recognise the need for formal units of length and use the metre and centimetre to measure length and distance. Students use a calendar to identify the date and name and order the months and the seasons of the year. They use informal units to compare and order the duration of events and tell the time on the half-hour. Students gather, organise, display and interpret data using column and picture graphs. Students identify, describe, sort and model particular 3D objects and 2D shapes. They represent and describe the position of objects.